The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Next Generation

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The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Next Ge 03.01.2008 00:25:31 (permalink)
The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Next Generation

About the Report



There has never been a better time to invest in young people in developing countries. Those who are 12-24 years of age number 1.3 billion and make up the largest youth cohort in history.

They are, on average, more educated and healthier than generations before them. They represent a potentially stronger base on which to build in a world that is increasingly demanding more than basic skills.

Today's young people are the next generation of workers, entrepreneurs, parents, active citizens and leaders who have relatively fewer dependents because of lower birth rates. Countries need to seize this window of opportunity to invest in the future before the aging process closes it.

World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation discusses priorities for government action across five youth transitions that shape young people's human capital: learning, working, staying healthy, forming families, and excercising citizenship.

Within these transitions, priorities for investment vary across countries. The Report highlights three lenses that help assess priorities: expanding opportunities, enhancing capabilities, and providing second chances.

Expanding opportunities focuses on increasing the quality (not just quantity) of education, smoothing the transition to work, and providing young people with a platform for civic engagement.

Enhancing capabilities involves making young people aware of the consequences of their actions, especially consequences that will affect them much later in life; building their decision-making skills; and giving them the right incentives.

Providing second chances calls for helping young people recover from missed opportunities through remedial education, retraining, treatment, and rehabilitation.


 
World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation


 
Development & the Next Generation
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Core Team

World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation


The World Development Report 2007 on Development and the Next Generation will be directed by Emmanuel Y. Jimenez, under the guidance of François Bourguignon, Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, and a group of advisors. 
Core team members
Emmanuel Y. Jimenez
Jean Fares
Deon Filmer
Varun Gauri
Paul Gertler
Amer Hasan
Sarojini Hirshleifer
Elizabeth King
Natsuko Kiso
Mattias K. A. Lundberg
David McKenzie
Claudio E. Montenegro
Mamta Murthi
Peter F. Orazem
Annette Richter
Cristobal Ridao-Cano
Juan Felipe Sanchez
Nistha Sinha


Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/N17EUZ4T31
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    RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 04.01.2008 12:45:27 (permalink)
    [Former] Chief Economist and Senior Vice President: François Bourguignon

    François Bourguignon served as Chief Economist of the World Bank and Senior Vice President, Development Economics from October 6, 2003 to October 22, 2007, (when he succeeded Nicholas Stern).

    In October 2007, he became Director of the Paris School of Economics.
    Mr. Bourguignon's successor has not yet been appointed.



    François Bourguignon's Legacy


    Mr. Bourguignon is a specialist in the economics of development, public policy, economic growth, and income distribution and inequality. The 2006 World Development Report, produced under his guidance, drew attention to the important role of equity in development. Equity is now increasingly mainstreamed into the Bank’s work, and is an important part of Mr. Bourguignon’s legacy as Chief Economist.

    This legacy also includes the World Bank Group’s Long-Term Strategic Exercise, which Mr. Bourguignon led in 2007, culminating in an October 2007 paper entitled "Meeting the Challenges of Global Development". The paper outlines four critical challenges that would be central to a World Bank Group strategy for global inclusiveness and sustainability: Sub- Saharan Africa, fragile states, inclusiveness among and within middle-income countries, and global public goods.

    The World Bank’s Development IMpact Evaluation Initiative (DIME) was started under Mr. Bourguignon’s guidance. This initiative focuses on results assessment, and attempts to evaluate the development impact of World Bank projects across a broad range of critical themes—early childhood development, education service delivery programs, conditional cash transfers, and HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, among others.

    Another significant contribution by Mr. Bourguignon was his commissioning of a comprehensive external evaluation (chaired by Angus Deaton of Princeton University) of World Bank research conducted between 1998 and 2005, and his efforts to ensure that such evaluation work is continued systematically in the institution.

    http://econ.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/0,,contentMDK:20273940~menuPK:477175~pagePK:64165401~piPK:64165026~theSitePK:469372,00.html
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      RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 04.01.2008 12:48:30 (permalink)
      Emmanuel Y. Jimenez
      World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation

       


      EMMANUEL JIMENEZ, from the Philippines, has held a variety of positions as an economist and manager in the policy, research and operational units of the World Bank. Since early 2002, he has been Sector Director, Human Development, in the World Bank’s East Asia Region, where he is responsible for managing operational staff working on education and health issues. Prior to this position, he held a similar position in the Bank’s South Asia Region. Before that he served for many years in the Bank’s Development Economics Staff, where he managed staff and also engaged in research on a variety of topics, including education and health finance, the private provision of social services, the economics of transfer programs and urban development. He has served both formally and informally on several teams preparing World Development Reports. Before joining the World Bank, Mr. Jimenez was on the faculty of the economics department at the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada.



      Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/QFUJLLM5E0
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        RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 07.01.2008 12:55:29 (permalink)
        .
        Jean Fares
        World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation



        JEAN FARES is an economist in the Bank's Human Development Network. Since joining the Bank in 2003, Jean's work was mainly focused on labor market research and operational support activities, particularly in the area of child labor and youth employment. Before joining the Bank, he was an assistant professor at the American University of Beirut, and a senior analyst in the research department of the Bank of Canada. Jean's research current interest are in fields of labor economics and industrial relations. He has a PhD in economics from the Universite de Montreal and MA from the University of Western Ontario.


        Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/S17YKP6NP0
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          RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 09.01.2008 13:20:04 (permalink)
          .
           
          Deon Filmer
          World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation


           



          DEON FILMER is a Senior Economist in the Development Research Group (Public Services Team). He received his Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University in 1995 after which he joined the research group at the World Bank. He was core team member of the 2004 World Development Report, "Making Services Work for Poor People." His research focuses on how the behavior of individuals, households, and providers interact with public policy in the determination of health and education outcomes.

          Works by this author


          Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/KH6T9M7M50

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            RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 11.01.2008 00:22:49 (permalink)
            .
            Varun Gauri
            World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation




            info.worldbank.org/etools/bSPAN/PresentationP...



            VARUN GAURI is a Senior Economist in the Development Research Group (Public Services Team). Mr. Gauri's current research interests include the uses and impact of social and economic rights, the political economy of government responses to HIV/AIDS, and the governance of NGOs in developing countries. He has worked on and led a variety of operational tasks in the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation, including operational evaluations, investments in privately owned hospitals in Latin America, a social sector adjustment loan to Brazil, several health care projects in Brazil, and a study of the decentralization of health care in Nigeria. Mr. Gauri has previously taught courses in health policy, bioethics, and education policy in the United States and Chile. He received his Ph.D. in Public Policy from Princeton University in 1996.


            Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/CT7JNMTT80
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              RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 11.01.2008 12:46:21 (permalink)
              .
              Amer Hasan
              World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation



              Amer Hasan is a PhD student at the University of Chicago. His research interests include impact evaluation, education and health. Prior to joining the Bank, he worked at the United Nations Development Programme and the Asian Development Bank in Pakistan and the Philippines. He holds a BA in History from Yale University and a Masters in Public Policy from the University of Chicago.


              Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/KJ2QDWEO01
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                RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 16.01.2008 12:21:36 (permalink)
                .
                Sarojini Hirshleifer
                World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation

                SAROJINI HIRSHLEIFER holds research interests in the fields of public and behavioral economics.  More specifically, her research thus far has focused on social behavior and allocative resource models. She has also worked in both the Finance and Public Economics units of the Research Group on topics including: microfinance, connected lending, migration and remittances, and provision of public services. She received a B.A. in Economics with highest honors from University of California, Berkeley in 2004, and will pursue her Ph.D. in economics. The 2007 World Development Report defines her as a member of the next generation. 



                Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/3EJ6OQTT20
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                  RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 16.01.2008 12:28:59 (permalink)
                  .
                  Elizabeth M. King
                  World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation




                  ELIZABETH M. KING is the Research Manager for Public Services of the Development Research Group. Until Spring 2005, she was the Lead Economist of the Human Development Unit in the World Bank’s East Asia and Pacific Region. Her main research interests have been the determinants of investments in human capital, the linkages among dimensions of human capital, poverty and economic development, and the impact of education reforms such as decentralization in developing countries. Several of her studies have examined the significance of gender differences in the development process, as exemplified in her 2001 publication Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice. Since joining the World Bank, she has worked on countries as diverse as Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Indonesia, Nicaragua, and the Philippines, among others. She was a member of two World Development Report teams, and has served on the Editorial Board of the World Bank Economic Review. Ms. King received her Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University, and has taught economics at the University of the Philippines, Tulane University, and UCLA.
                   

                  ]Women's Education in Developing Countries: Barriers, Benefits, and ...

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                    RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 28.01.2008 12:03:20 (permalink)
                    .
                    Natsuko Kiso
                    World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation

                    NATSUKO KISO has gained education in economics Ph.D. at Brown University, after completing her M.A. at Brown University and Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo, Japan. Her area of expertise is theoretical and empirical economic analysis on issues such as micro-finance, gender inequality, and impact assessment. Apart from the academic experience, Ms. Kiso also worked at the World Bank Institute, initiating the project on impact evaluation of Social Fund in Egypt.


                    Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/KMXCPAEPF0

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                      RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 29.01.2008 13:35:11 (permalink)
                      .
                      Mattias K. A. Lundberg
                      World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation


                      MATTIAS LUNDBERG is an agricultural economist by training, but has worked on issues of income distribution, impact evaluation, and health sector reforms more recently. He was one of the principal authors of the Poverty and Social Impact Assessment (PSIA) guidebook, and has recently completed a toolkit for Public Expenditure Reviews in HD. His published research includes papers on the impact on households of crises such as HIV/AIDS and flood exposure, and on the relationship between income distribution and growth.

                      Tenure, Divesity, and commitment - community participation for urban service provision
                      Chaudhury, Nazmul, Lundberg, Mattias K.A., Deichmann, Uwe, Lall, Somik V.

                      Abstract

                      What factors influence community participation in the delivery of urban services? In particular, does security of tenure enhance the probability of participation as it provides individuals with incentives to act collectively in pursuit of a common objective? And are collective efforts less likely to succeed when there is a high degree of heterogeneity in culture or endowments among community members? The authors use household level survey data for Bangalore, India, to show that tenure security has a significant impact on the willingness of residents to participate even when neighborhoods are diverse in terms of their cultural background and welfare status. Their findings suggest that participation is possible in heterogeneous communities when it is a means to a common objective and not a goal by itself.. Community Development and Empowerment,Housing & Human Habitats,Social Capital,Decentralization,Health Economics & Finance,Governance Indicators,Housing & Human Habitats,Community Development and Empowerment,Social Capital,Health Economics & Finance

                      Publication details
                      Download
                      http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2002/07/26/000094946_02071604225064/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf
                      Repository
                      RePEc (Germany)
                      Type
                      preprint


                      Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/O1ZMRREPO0
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                        RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 30.01.2008 06:33:59 (permalink)
                        David McKenzie
                        World Develeopment Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation



                        DAVID MCKENZIE is an economist in the Development Research Group, Growth and Investment Unit. He received his B.Com.(Hons)/B.A. from the University of Auckland, New Zealand in 1997 and his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 2001. Prior to joining the World Bank in July 2005, he spent four years as an assistant professor of Economics at Stanford University. His current research interests include international migration, microenterprises, poverty traps, responses of households to aggregate shocks, and the development of econometric methods useful for working with data from developing countries.



                        DAVID J. McKENZIE
                        Assistant Professor

                        Ph.D. Yale University; B.Com(Hons)/B.A. The University of Auckland.
                        Research Interest: Development economics, applied and theoretical econometrics, panels and pseudo-panels, households in developing countries.
                        Current Research: Response to aggregate shocks in developing countries, pseudo-panel econometrics, social effects of privatization.
                        Representative Recent Publications: (1) �Consumption Growth in a Booming Economy: Taiwan 1976-96�, Yale University Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper No. 823; (2) "Estimation of AR(1) Models with Unequally-Spaced Pseudo-Panels", Econometrics Journal 2001: 4, 89-108; (3) How do Households Cope with Aggregate Shocks? Evidence from the Mexican Peso Crisis, Mimeo. 2002; (4) �The Impact of Capital Controls on Growth Convergence,� Journal of Economic Development, 2001, 26(1): 1-24.
                        Teaching Interests: Econometrics, Economic Development.
                        Professional Affiliations: AEA, Econometric Society, Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy (ASCE).

                        Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/BEULBIELH0
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                          RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 30.01.2008 14:59:17 (permalink)
                          Claudio E. Montenegro
                          World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation
                           

                          CLAUDIO E. MONTENEGRO is an economist and statistician with the World Bank's Development Research Group. He has held several positions at the University of Chile in Santiago, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank. He has a Masters degree in Economics from the University of Maryland at College Park and a Masters degree in Statistics from George Washington University. His research interests are labor economics, international trade, poverty, and applied statistical methods. His research has been published in several books and academic journals.
                           


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                          Who Benefits from Labor Market Regulations? Chile 1960-1998

                          CLAUDIO E. MONTENEGRO
                          World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
                          CARMEN PAGES
                          Inter-American Development Bank (IADB); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)





                          July 2003

                          NBER Working Paper No. W9850

                          Abstract:     
                          Economists have examined the impact of labor market regulations on the level of employment. However, there are many reasons to suspect that the impact of regulations differs across types of workers. In this paper we take advantage of the unusual large variance in labor policy in Chile to examine how different labor market regulations affect the distribution of employment and the employment rates across age, gender and skill levels. To this effect, we use a sample of repeated cross-section household surveys spanning the period 1960-1998 and measures of the evolution of job security provisions and minimum wages across time. Our results suggest large distribution effects. We find that employment security provisions and minimum wages reduce the share of youth and unskilled employment as well as their employment rates. We also find large effects on the distribution of employment between women and men.

                          JEL Classifications: E24, J23, J65

                          Working Paper Series






                          Suggested Citation

                          Montenegro, Claudio E. and Pages, Carmen, "Who Benefits from Labor Market Regulations? Chile 1960-1998" (July 2003). NBER Working Paper No. W9850. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=425586


                          Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/LDN4GVEPZ0


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                            RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 02.02.2008 23:39:43 (permalink)
                            .

                            Mamta Murthi
                            World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation



                            Mamta Murthi and Emmanuel Jimenez

                            MAMTA MURTHI is a Lead Economist at the World Bank. She has a D.Phil. from the University of Oxford and has held academic positions at the Universities of Sussex and Cambridge. Her areas of specialization are poverty and welfare, pensions, and economic demography. Prior to joining the team working on World Development Report 2007, Ms. Murthi worked in the the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank. She is married with two children. 

                            Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/LP0UAH6CX0
                             
                            Mamta Murthi eBook
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                              RE: The authors of WDR2007 and the trend they set for the future: Development and the Nex 07.02.2008 09:30:06 (permalink)
                              .
                               
                              A TOAST TO THE NEW GENERATION OF VIETNAM
                              A NEW YEAR
                              A NEW BEGINNING
                              FOR A DEMOCRATIC, PROSPEROUS, NEW VIETNAM
                               
                              World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation


                               
                              Development & the Next Generation
                              Full text & overviews
                               
                               
                               
                              There has never been a better time to invest in young people in developing countries. Those who are 12-24 years of age number 1.3 billion and make up the largest youth cohort in history.

                              They are, on average, more educated and healthier than generations before them. They represent a potentially stronger base on which to build in a world that is increasingly demanding more than basic skills.

                              Today's young people are the next generation of workers, entrepreneurs, parents, active citizens and leaders who have relatively fewer dependents because of lower birth rates. Countries need to seize this window of opportunity to invest in the future before the aging process closes it.

                              World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation discusses priorities for government action across five youth transitions that shape young people's human capital: learning, working, staying healthy, forming families, and excercising citizenship.

                              Within these transitions, priorities for investment vary across countries. The Report highlights three lenses that help assess priorities: expanding opportunities, enhancing capabilities, and providing second chances.

                              Expanding opportunities focuses on increasing the quality (not just quantity) of education, smoothing the transition to work, and providing young people with a platform for civic engagement.

                              Enhancing capabilities involves making young people aware of the consequences of their actions, especially consequences that will affect them much later in life; building their decision-making skills; and giving them the right incentives.

                              Providing second chances calls for helping young people recover from missed opportunities through remedial education, retraining, treatment, and rehabilitation.
                               
                               
                               


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